笃学奖–科学简史-A16924-甘比精读

Day1:第叁天的单词计算作业

1.perpetual: adj. unremitting/continuous

E.g. How could I work with these perpetual interruptions?

2.lay foundation for…为…奠基

E.g. The builders are now to lay foundation for the new school.

3.empirical:经验主义的

E.g. Empirical evidence/research

4.pick holes in: find fault with

E.g. You don’t need to pick holes in Peter’s performance.

5.falsify–falsification–falsifiable: to change sth that it is no
longer true

E.g. The deliberate falsification of the company’s records.

6.comet:彗星:是进入太阳系内亮度和形状会随日距变化而转变的绕日运动的宇宙空间,呈云雾状的独特外貌。彗星的运作准则多为抛物线或双曲线,少数为椭圆。有名的彗星绕太阳1十一日的时光为76年。

7.Alpha particle a粒子

8.Artillery shell炮弹

9.Crash down :在作品能够领略为fail

E.g. Your plans totally crash down.

10.proceed in : to continue doing sth

E.g. Working is proceeding slowly.

11 simultaneous-simultaneity: happening at the same time

E.g. Simultaneous interpreting

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13.scientific outlook毋庸置疑历史观

14.Navigational aids航海设备

15.Monopoly-monopolistic:controlling

E.g.monopoly (on/of/in sth)

A good education should not be the monopoly of the rich.

16.ground-breaking: adj. Making new discoveries

E.g. A ~piece of research

17.magnet –magnetic:本文意思是:磁体

(+意思):magnet for sb./sth有吸引的人、事

18.Microscopic adj. –microscope(显微镜)

~creature微生物

19:combustion-combustive: burning

E.g. Internal combustion engine内燃机

20:discredit v. To make sb stop believing sth

E.g. These theories are now largely discredited among people.

21:thermodynamics:热力学–商量热现象中物态转变和能量转换规律的学科

22:rock stratum岩层

23:leap-frogging ideas跳蛙式想法

24:collider:对撞机(产生两股高速运动的粒子互相冲撞)

25:take root:

1)(植物) to develop roots

2)(思想)to become accepted wildly√

E.g. Militarism failed to take roots in Europe.

26 : harbour life:contain sth

E.g. Your dishcloth may harbour many germs.

27: chromosome染色体

28:daunting : intimidating -making sb feel nervous and less confident

E.g. She has a daunting task of cooking for 20 people every day.

29:sequence v./n.

E.g. In/out of sequence

A gene sequencing project基因测序项目

(老师授课后补充知识点—倍数用法)

文中事例:

“If one object had twice the weight of another, it would fall twice as
fast.”

一:倍数增减的表示法

A: 大于等于三倍

1.用times 表示倍数

2.词尾-fold表示倍数的用法

3.得以用triple/quadruple/quintuple六倍/septuple 七倍/octuple  八倍/
nonuple 九倍 替代“基数词+times”表示倍数

e.g. 你的房间是本身房间的三倍大。

1)your room is three times/threefold as large as mine;

2) your room is three times/threefold the size of mine;

3) your room is triple mine./ your room is the triple of mine./ your
room has triple the size of mine.

B: 两倍的用法

twice / double / twofold / as…again as

e.g.那件皮夹克的价钱是自作者近年来买的那件的两倍。

1)This leather jacket costs me as much again as the last one I bought.

2)This leather jacket costs me twice / double / twofold as the last one
I bought.

注:double表示倍数时,能够做 adj. adv. n. v. det.

e.g. 1) I am double your age./ Your age doubles as mine.

      2)I was paid the double of this amount.

     3)I had to bend double to get under the table.

二:by & to 表示倍数的用法

  1. by : 表示扩充多少还是减小多少;

decrease by 30%

2.to: 表示扩张到/ 至….. 或减弱到/至;

decrease  to 30%

注:increase / multiply 3 times: 扩张了两倍/ 增添至三倍  (3*3=9)


Day2: 第壹天的逻辑图

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作者的作业

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Anne先生示范

(思维导图自己评价)

1.遗漏细节;

2.示范中有不问可知的时间轴,一目了解;

3.演示中年老年师将稿子中progression of
ideas之后的有的包蕴为贰个大框架下,更有系统;

4.要好做的构思导图某个许乱;能够动用直线式。


Day3:第肆天的总括作业

【Summary】作者在那篇科学简史展现出科学不断进化的多少个地点:

1.钻探格局的前进:①thought+argument☞prediction+experiment+observation;

②从盲人摸象式打开新世界到前车之鉴式建议新观点;

③科学技术的前行为本来商讨打开了新征程;

2.研商世界的开始展览:从日心说等自然科学(天文、物理、化学、生物、地理等)领域开始展览到进化论等社科(人类学、考古学、伦医学)明白;

3.探究地域的扩大:科学思想起点于古希腊(Ελλάδα),而后借助文字和the House of
Wisdow(a magnificent library in
Baghdad)的传承,成为任什么地点域探索和前进科学的主要途径。


D1-D3的总结:

1.率后天读小说是即将有发现的画出重庆大学词和每一段率先句话;

2.次之天的构思导图尽量利用直线式,及时和教育者的言传身教做相比,不懂及时问;

3.下次职分能够探究本身的经验感悟,不要局限在大概阶段。

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